Our Projects

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IRON REMOVING FROM TITANIUM SLAG FOR SYNTHETIC

synthetic rutile by this method. In the acid-leaching plant of this company hydrochloric acid is used as a leachant (Guéguina and Cardarelli, 2021). Fig. 1. Location map of Qara-aghaj deposit In this work, the acid leaching process was studied using titanium slag

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Mineral Processing Plants & Plant Layout Deisgn JXSC Mining

JXSC works on offering services for the mines and mineral processing plants, escorting efficient and safe processing performance in the global mineral resources industry with our reliable mining equipment and innovative solutions. From its tough beginning, the business that started in 1985 went to win the trust both home and board, with mineral processing machines sold to over 100 countries

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ProcessesFree Full-TextExtraction of Cobalt and Iron

In this study, oxidizing roasting, segregation roasting, and magnetic separation are used to extract cobalt and iron from refractory Co-bearing sulfur concentrate. The Co-bearing sulfur concentrate containing 0.68% Co, 33.26% Fe, and 36.58% S was obtained from V-Ti magnetite in the Panxi area of China by flotation. Cobalt pyrite and linneite were the Co-bearing minerals, and the gangue

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An overview on the production of pigment grade titania

The chloride process (Mackey 1994) mainly consists of cal-cining a mixture of synthetic rutile, coke and chlorine to form gaseous titanium tetrachloride (TiCl 4). Ilmenite cannot be used as a raw material as its titanium content is too low. The titanium tetrachloride is condensed to a liquid and most of the impurities separate as solids.

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smelting of titaniferous magnetite « BINQ Mining

Jun 08, 2021 · All vanadium in the ore occurs in solid state in the titaniferous magnetite. The first stage of processing is to concentrate this magnetite by crushing,The furnace is fitted with a baghouse to collect the fumes during the smelting process. »More detailed

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FEASIBILITY OF FLUXLESS SMELTING OF TITANIFEROUS MAGNETITE

Owing to smelting vanadium-titanium magnetite ore, the amount of iron entrainment in slag as droplets is far higher than that in conventional BF slag. However, the iron droplets can be easily

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Open Access proceedings Journal of Physics Conference series

Śląskie site in Poland could be of use as an alternative material to magnetite in DMS process. 2. Production of Zinc-Lead in Miasteczko Śląskie Plant Production of Zinc-Lead in the "Miasteczko Śląskie" Plant is based on the Imperial Smelting Process (Blast Furnace Process).

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BUSHVELD MINERALS LIMITED

process employed by Glencore Rhovan and the Evraz Vametco operations in South Africa; b) Option 2 A Pig Iron flow sheet to produce pig iron and a vanadium bearing slag and FeV product, similar to the process employed at the Evraz Highveld Steel & Vanadium plant in South Africa.

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Titanium Wikipedia

Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. Its atomic weight is 47.867 measured in daltons.It is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine.. Titanium was discovered in Cornwall, Great Britain, by William Gregor in 1791 and was named by Martin Heinrich

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Iron ore value chain Outotec

Lower grade iron ores and alternative iron bearing raw materials (Titanium-Vanadium-Magnetites, iron sands, residues) can best be treated in smelting furnaces. Outotec offers both electric smelting furnaces and AusIron, a coal based smelting reduction process producing hot metal similar to a blast furnace hot metal for further processing.

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CN103014196A Application method of blast furnace slag

The invention discloses an application method of blast furnace slag fine stuff, belonging to the field of waste resource recycling technology. The method comprises the steps of sequentially conducting fine grinding, magnetic separation, classification and reselection to the blast furnace slag fine stuff through a ball mill so as to enrich metal iron and obtain more than 95% of amount of iron

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AN OVERVIEW OF SOUTH AFRICA'S TITANIUM MINERAL

Figure 2 Basic flow diagram of titanium-bearing minerals processing Source Southern African Pyrometallurgy, 2021 Secondary concentration Magnetic / non-magnetic concentration Mineral separation Smelter (smelting process) Smelter (storage and export Heavy mineral concentrates TiO 2 slag Iron Slag milling Iron treatment Sulphate slag Chloride slag

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Evaluation of Titania-Rich Slag Produced from Titaniferous

Titanium-bearing magnetite ore is generically defined as magnetite with > 1% titanium dioxide (TiO 2) and is usually vanadium-bearing. The iron and titanium occur as a mixture of magnetite (Fe 3O 4) and ilmenite (FeTiO 3) with vanadium oxide usually occurring within the solid solution of the titanium-bearing magnetite phase.

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C21B 11 Making pig-iron other than in blast furnaces

US20210118306 Process and plant for producing hot metalCN102912021A Method for reducing vanadium-titanium magnetite concentrate in tunnel kilnCN1742102B An improved smelting process

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Ayanda Shabalala Operations Manager Sibanye-Stillwater

Leading a team of process metallurgists and metallurgical assistants. Ensuring product quality is within specification for both MSP Feed & Haulage and Tailings Treatment Plant. Lead innovation, process optimization and sustainability within the team such that it reflects the organisations' objectives, direction, vision and mission.

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Smelting vanadium pig iron with unstable coke quality

10. Analysis of Consumption Indices in the Blast-Furnace Smelting of Titanium-Bearing Magnetite Ore at the Chusovoi Metallurgical Plant in Relation to Reactivity and Other Quality Indices of Altaisk CCCP (Coke and Coal Chemicals Plant) Coke and Different Fuel Mixtures Report [in Russian], VUKhIN (Eastern Scientific Research Institute of Coal Chemistry), Ekaterinburg (1993).

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Effect of CaO/MgO Ratio on the Product Quality during Tin

in the plants, so in order to make it work the smelting plant should use the Enugu coal between 5%-15% in their blends for the smelting of tin which will lead to the saving cost. This paper presence a study on the effect of CaO/MgO ratio on the product quality during the tin smelting process by monitoring the Sn/Fe ratio in both the two products.

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Bushveld VanadiumBushveld Minerals

1. Vametco (Integrated mine and processing facility). Vametco is a primary low-cost vanadium mining and processing operation, using the salt roast beneficiation process, with a 185.5 Mt JORC-compliant resource, including 47.4 Mt in reserves, with in-magnetite vanadium grades averaging 2.0 % V 2 O 5 and a life of mine of more than 30 years (details can be found in the Minerals Resource and

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ILMENITE (Iron Titanium Oxide)

Ilmenite is an economically important and interesting mineral. It is named for its place of discovery (such places are called type localities) at Ilmen Lake in the Ilmen Mountains, Miask in the southern portion of the Ural Mountains of Russia. Ilmenite forms as a primary mineral in mafic igneous rocks and is concentrated into layers by a process called"magmatic segregation".

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Chrome Ore Beneficiation ProcessChromite Processing

Chrome process equipment is wet type strong magnetic separator, and spiral chute (chrome spiral plant) of gravity separator. 3 Experimental results and discussion 3.1 Chrome magnetic separation process. The chrome raw ore is a flotation tail ore, which is mainly formed in the chromite, and the chromite is the target recovering mineral.

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Products Rio Tinto

We supply the metals and minerals used to help the world grow. We also want to pioneer a more sustainable future, and believe we can be part of the solution from helping to develop technology that can make the aluminium smelting process entirely free of direct GHG emissions, to providing the world with the materials it needssuch as copper and titaniumto build a new low-carbon

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Heavy Mineral Processing at Richards Bay Minerals

Smelting Process The grade of ilmenite produced at RBM is of too low a grade to be used directly in the production of pigment or synthetic rutile. The TiO2 content is increased by smelting the ilmenite with anthracite to produce a slag containing approximately 85 per cent titanium dioxide and a high-purity (low-manganese) pig iron as a co-product.5

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Major Mines & ProjectsLac Tio (Havre St-Pierre) Mine

The new plant crushed the ore into smaller pieces to remove more gangue, and then roasted it in rotary furnaces to reduce the sulphur content. In 1982, the company added a magnetic separation process to improve the refining process further. The result was a richer titanium slag, with nearly ten per cent higher levels of iron andtitanium oxides.

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Richards Bay Minerals Rio Tinto

Richards Bay Minerals (RBM) is a subsidiary of Rio Tinto in South Africa. We produce ilmenite from mineral sand deposits. Rio Tinto's shareholding is 74 per cent. Discover more about Richards Bay Minerals (RBM) today with Rio Tinto.

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Isabella GELDENHUYSManagerMaster of Engineering

Titanium-bearing magnetite ore is generically defined as magnetite with > 1% titanium dioxide (TiO2) and is usually vanadium-bearing. The iron and titanium occur as a mixture of magnetite (Fe3O4

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A Successful Upstream Integration in the Heavy Mineral

Smelts ilmenite to produce a titanium-rich slag and pig iron co-product Ilmenite Electric Furnace Titanium Slag Pigment Producers (Sulphate process) High Purity Pig Iron Foundries ~345ktpa mostly sourced ~200 ktpa containing ~80% TiO 2 ~110 ktpa Input Pre-reduction Smelting Outputs Customers Rotary Kiln Tyssedal What does it do?

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An overview of titanium deposits in Norway

process Products Rutile 94-96 % TiO Hard-rock ilmenite 35-45% TiO Chloride process Upgraded Slag >95 % TiO2 (Titania) Fig. 4. Paths from titanium raw materials to products (modified from Dor-mann 1993). Fig. 5. Schematic plot of the 3 major categories of titanium mineral prod-ucts; ilmenite, titanium slag and rutile, and their approximate

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Environmental impacts analysis of titanium sponge

Feb 10, 2021 · The average data of V-Ti magnetite ore mining and dressing process were obtained from on-site surveys of several representative mining companies in China's Panzhihua and Xichang region, as listed in Table 1.The titanium concentrate originated from V-Ti magnetite, which was extracted by high-intensity magnetic separation and flotation of the iron middling ore after iron

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The Ironmaking ProcessNew Zealand Steel

This has eventuated because of the nature of the ore mined locally and used in the process. Early pioneering experiments failed to successfully smelt iron from New Zealand's west coast ironsand deposits because the magnetite ore (Fe 3 O 4), as it is known, is locked in with minerals such as titania and silica. These bonded oxide impurities are

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Green Recovery Process VanadiumCorp Resource Inc.

Breakthrough Innovation VanadiumCorp Electrochem Process Technology "VEPT" Conventional pyrometallurgical processes, for producing vanadium, utilize either direct soda-ash roasting of the magnetite, followed by water leaching, or the arc smelting and slagging of the magnetite followed by soda-ash roasting of the vanadium-rich slag.

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niobium processingHistory, Ores, Mining, & Extraction

Ores. Niobium occurs mostly as an oxide and has a strong geochemical coherence with tantalum. Major minerals of niobium are pyrochlore [(Na, Ca) 2 Nb 2 O 6 F] and columbite [(Fe, Mn)(Nb, Ta) 2 O 6], consisting of niobate, tantalate, iron, and manganese.Pyrochlore occurs usually in carbonatites and in pegmatite derived from alkalic rocks, commonly in association with zirconium, titanium

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Chemistry and Mineralogy of Titanium-rich Slags

smelting of hemo-ilmenite ore with anthracite coal. Titania slag represents an important feedstock for the manufacture of titanium dioxide pigment by the sulphate process. Moreover, part of the pro-duction of the titania-rich slag is further acid-leached under a high-pressure and moderate-temperature hydrometallurgical process to

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